interrupta (Desf.) Therefore, re-seeding is a common practice to repair damaged areas and thin spots. One of the biggest differences between alfalfa hay and grass hay is the protein content. Abstract The nutritive value of a forage largely determines ruminant animal daily performance through the provision of digestible energy, crude protein (CP), minerals, and vitamins. Numerous varieties are adapted for use in Pennsylvania, but the endophyte-free and friendly-endohyte varieties are higher in quality than varieties infected with the endophyte fungus. Tall fescue is a cool season, densely cespitose to short-rhizomatous, long-lived, aggressive perennial grass that normally grows about 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall. The growth characteristics of tall fescue plants undergird the management programs suggested here. The plant grows best on deep, moist soils that are heavy to medium i… )is grown for hay and pasture onapproximatelytwo million acres in Arkansasand is the predominant perennialcoolseasongrass in andthe UnitedStates. This occurs because seed heads contain much more ergovaline than do other plant parts. Herbicides can be used for tall fescue eradication usually on any site, but are strongly recommended for use on highly erosive soils and slopes where soil disturbance may cause or exacerbate erosion problems. glaucescens (Boiss.) It has a consistent and balanced ratio of calcium to phosphorus and Timothy Grass has a low to moderate calorie content. Soják, Festuca arundinacea subsp. López & Rivas Ponce) H. Scholz & Valdés, Schedonorus uechtritzianus (Wiesb.) As soon as the soil can be worked in the spring, the site should be disked down and allowed to green-up with whatever germinates. For those not averse to tall fescue, the biggest comparative downside of meadow fescue is that it generally yields less than tall fescue – the reason it fell out of favor in the first place. Uses Livestock: Smooth brome may be used for hay, pasture, or silage. Upper glume is lanceolate to oblong, 5–7 mm long. https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=784875#null, http://www.hear.org/pier/species/festuca_arundinacea.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16631, https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=272976&isprofile=0&, http://www.floracatalana.net/festuca-arundinacea-schreber, https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SCAR7, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-414517, https://www.ipmimages.org/browse/subinfo.cfm?sub=3037, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Festuca_arundinacea, https://www.cal-ipc.org/plants/profile/festuca-arundinacea-profile/, http://www.maltawildplants.com/POAC/Schedonorus_arundinaceus.php, https://www.invasive.org/gist/esadocs/documnts/festaru.pdf, https://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/166094/p256.pdf. should be cut for hay or silage from early to full head. K. Richt, Festuca orientalis (Hack.) The plant is found growing in heathland, woodland, riparian habitats, freshwater, saline wetlands, moist forests, reed swamps, riparian habitats, seashores, meadows, salt marshes, cliff tops, moist grassland, reed swamps, coastal scrub, roadsides, ditches, grazed woods and railroad tracks. Mert. Cout, Festuca elatior var. Spermatophytina (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames), Lilianae (monocots, monocotyledons, monocotylédones), Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) It does not spread rapidly because of its lack of underground stolons or rhizomes. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. Dumort., nom. In fact, the total digestible nutrient (TDN) and crude protein (CP) content of stockpiled tall fescue is typically significantly higher than the average hay fed to … & Koch ex Kunth, Festuca elatior subsp. If that weren't enough, it is also exceedingly productive under that broad temperature range. Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity. In some circumstances, mares may consume the bedding, putting themselves at risk for fescue toxicosis. On average, alfalfa hay has much higher levels of protein, ranging from 15% to 21% depending on when the alfalfa was cut. Hay composition is highly affected by the species of forage present in the hay. In choosing a method, consideration should be given to the availability of equipment, potential for soil erosion, the type of vegetation to be re-seeded, and cost. Koch, Festuca arundinacea subsp. Endophyte-infected varieties are well suited for planting on reclaimed strip mines and for other conservation uses where soil conditions are unusually adverse for plant growth. arundinacea (Schreb.) Make successive harvests for hay and silage when basal sprouts appear at the soil surface. Tall fescue is widely used as a reliable hay, silage and pasture grass for feeding livestock. letourneuxii (St.-Yves) Torrec. The mid vein is not noticeable, Inflorescence is paniculate, open, 13–3 cm long, to 6 cm wide, rachis smooth, occasionally scabrous, glabrous. Tall fescue is one of the most adaptable grasses grown for grazing purposes. There is approximately 500,000 seeds kg-1, but this number will vary with the cultivar. Kansas State University 232 Weber Hall Manhattan, KS 66506-8028. As we discussed last month, if there is a super grass, it is fescue. & Graebn, Festuca arundinacea subsp. Problems associated with fescue are recognized among nutritionists and breeders alike. and summer annuals) to the farm can improve nutrition and reduce alkaloid intake, increasing animal performance. The two methods most frequently used are herbicide application and/or conventional tillage. Kerguélen, Festuca arundinacea var. & Bobrov, Festuca pauneroi Cebolla, López Rodr. For sites scheduled to be reseeded to a cool-season grass/legume mixture, two applications of glyphosate are recommended (autumn and spring), while for sites to be reseeded to a warm-season grass/forb mixture, glyphosate or an imidazole herbicide such as imazapic alone or in combination can be used. Once a site has been renovated, frequent mowing, deep tillage and autumn burning should be avoided as these practices will accelerate tall fescue re-infestation. Coarse, thick-stemmed hay (overly mature) has more fiber and less nutrition than immature, leafy hay with finer stems. Festuca (fescue) is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the grass family Poaceae (subfamily Pooideae).They are evergreen or herbaceous perennial tufted grasses with a height range of 10–200 cm (4–79 in) and a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring on every continent except Antarctica. Tallfescue (Festuca arudinacea. Download this special report to learn more about fescue toxicosis, its cause, prevention, and available treatment. Wimm, Festuca elatior var. Northern Africa, the Azores, all of Europe, continental United States, southern Canada, western Asia and Pakistan. Tall fescue is a cool season, densely cespitose to short-rhizomatous, long-lived, aggressive perennial grass that normally grows about 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall. uechtritzianus (Wiesb.) Another significant problem associated with fescue toxicosis is low milk production or a complete lack of milk. Celak, Festuca elatior var. Fescue is a variety of grass that is often grown as a hay crop in various parts of the United States. If this cannot be ascertained definitively, the hay should be disregarded as it is inappropriate to feed to late-pregnant broodmares. It is best adapted for use on non-erosive sites. www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/horses/facts/info_ergot_alkaloid.htm Both the mare and the foal can be affected. There are approximately 227,000 seeds per pound. Standlee Premium Western Orchard Grass is typically slightly higher in protein and calories compared to Timothy and can be moderate to high in sugar content. We also will periodically have mulch quality hay available for your own backyard garden needs. This is especially important if you’re concerned about the hay quality or if your horse is having nutrition problems. This is especially true for the nitrogen portion of the fertilizer. There are many types of hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and rye. minutiflora (St.-Yves) Litard, Festuca elatior f. pseudomairei Litard. Because of differences in growth habit, palatability, and time of year best used, other grasses should not be included with tall fescue at seeding time. 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